West Virginia

State Balloting Process

Article XIV
CON 14-1. Amendments.
No convention shall be called, having the authority to alter the
constitution of the state, unless it be in pursuance of law, passed by the
affirmative vote of a majority of the members elected to each house of
the Legislature and providing that polls shall be opened throughout the
state, on the same day therein specified, which shall not be less than
three months after the passage of such law, for the purpose of taking the
sense of the voters on the question of calling a convention. And such
convention shall not be held unless a majority of the votes cast at such
polls be in favor of calling the same; nor shall the members be elected to
such convention, until, at least, one month after the result of the vote shall
be duly ascertained, declared and published. And all acts and
ordinances of the said convention shall be submitted to the voters of the
State for ratification or rejection, and shall have no validity whatever until
they are ratified.

CON 14-2. How amendments are made.
Any amendment to the constitution of the state may be proposed in
either house of the Legislature at any regular or extraordinary session
thereof; and if the same, being read on three several days in each house,
be agreed to on its third reading, by two thirds of the members elected
thereto, the proposed amendment, with the yeas and nays thereon, shall
be entered on the journals, and it shall be the duty of the Legislature to
provide by law for submitting the same to the voters of the state for
ratification or rejection, at a special election, or at the next general
election thereafter, and cause the same to be published, at least three
months before such election in some newspaper in every county in which
a newspaper is printed. If a majority of the qualified voters, voting on the
question at the polls held pursuant to such law, ratify the proposed
amendment, it shall be in force from the time of such ratification, as part
of the constitution of the state. If two or more amendments be submitted
at the same time, the vote on the ratification or rejection shall be taken
on each separately, but an amendment may relate to a single subject or
to related subject matters and may amend or modify as many articles
and as many sections of the constitution as may be necessary and
appropriate in order to accomplish the objectives of the amendment.
Whenever one or more amendments are submitted at a special election,
no other question, issue or matter shall be voted upon at such special
election, and the cost of such special election throughout the state shall
be paid out of the state treasury.

Adapted from the Initiative & Referendum Almanac by M. Dane Waters.

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