You have full Initiative & Referendum rights. Citizens can pass laws they write or suspend a statute passed by the Legislature by collecting enough petition signatures to place the statute on the statewide ballot for a decision by the voters. Voters can also initiate constitutional amendments by Initiative.


See the results of a poll on support for statewide initiative & referendum here.

Grade: C+

Click here to view Oklahoma’s individual report in Of the People, By the People, For the People: A 2010 Report Card on Statewide Voter Initiative Rights.

Citizen State Coordinator

For more information about how to get involved in protecting and expanding Oklahoma’s initiative process, contact the Citizens in Charge Foundation Oklahoma Citizen State Coordinator:

Norma Sapp

Executive Director of Oklahomans for Initiative Rights.

Phone: (405) 321-4619

Email Norma


State Balloting Process

How you can change Oklahoma’s government through ballot initiatives


Oklahoma’s earliest advocate of initiative and referendum was
Theodore L. Sturgis of Perry, who founded the territory’s Direct Legislation
League in 1899, eight years prior to statehood. The I&R movement soon
picked up a formidable champion: Robert Latham Owen, who became
the state’s U.S. senator… Read More

Ballot Qualifications & Schedule

Date initiative language can be submitted: Anytime

Signatures tied to vote of which office: Total votes cast for the office
receiving the most votes in the last General Election.

Next General election: 2010

Votes cast for President in last election: 1,462,661 (2008)

Net number of signatures required: 15% of votes cast for the statewide office receiving the most votes for a constitutional amendment (219,399) and 8% of votes cast for the statewide office receiving the most votes for a statute (117,012).

Distribution requirement: None.

Circulation period: 90 days

Do circulators have to be residents: No

Date when signatures are due for certification: The Secretary of State
recommends that you submit your signatures eight months prior to the
election that you desire the measure to be considered for. This is primarily
because the state has a provision that the ballot title set by the Secretary
of State can be challenged. If a ballot title is challenged, the state
supreme court reviews the challenge. There is no statutory requirement for
the state to rule on this challenge. There have been instances when the
court has taken over a year to make a ruling. The latest they can be
submitted is 60 days before the election, which can be either a Primary or
a General election.

Signature verification process: Presumed valid unless challenged

Single-subject restriction: Yes

Legislative tampering: The legislature can both repeal and amend
initiatives, according to a court ruling.

Excerpted from the Initiative & Referendum Almanac by M. Dane Waters.