Petitioning Rights by State

States vary widely in whether initiative and referendum rights are recognized and to what extent. The chart below gives a more detailed picture of which states recognize the various petition processes. Click on your state for more details.

Citizens of the following states:

Can Initiate Constitutional AmendmentsCan Initiate Statutes
Can Call People’s Veto Referendums
Can Initiate Either Statutes or Amendments
Have Some Statewide Initiative or Referendum Rights
Can Initiate Statutes or Call a People’s Veto Referendum

18 states21 states23 states24 states26 states21 states

Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Illinois
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Maine
Massachusetts
Michigan
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Utah
Washington
Wyoming
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Idaho
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Mexico
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Utah
Washington
Wyoming
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Illinois
Maine
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Utah
Washington
Wyoming
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Idaho
Illinois
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Mexico
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Utah
Washington
Wyoming
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Maine
Massachusetts
Michigan
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Utah
Washington
Wyoming

Can Both Initiate Amendments and Call a People’s Veto

Can Initiate Both Amendments & Statutes

Can Initiate Statutes & Call a People’s Veto but not Initiate Amendments

Can Initiate Constitutional Amendments Only

Can Initiate a People’s Veto Referendum Only

Have No Statewide Initiative or Referendum Rights

15 states15 states6 states3 states2 states24 states
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Massachusetts
Michigan
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Massachusetts
Michigan
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Alaska
Idaho
Maine
Utah
Washington
Wyoming
Florida
Illinois
Mississippi
Maryland
New Mexico
Alabama
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Hawaii
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Minnesota
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin


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